Origination of N2O from NO reduction by NH3 over β-MnO2 and αMn2O3.


Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH3 was studied on beta-MnO2 and alpha-Mn2O3 catalysts at 150 degrees C and the formation of N2O from SCR was mainly investigated. The activity evaluation showed that the rates of both NO conversion and N2O formation per unit surface area on beta-MnO2 were much higher than the corresponding values on alpha-Mn2O3, while two catalysts gave same generated rate of N-2. Transient reactions of NO with NH3 showed that N2O predominantly originated from direct reaction of NO and NH3 via an Eley-Rideal mechanism. beta-MnO2 gave higher generated rate of N2O in transient reaction of NH3 and more desorption amount of N2O in temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 than alpha-Mn2O3. The results of temperature-programmed reduction of H-2 exhibited that oxygen species on beta-MnO2 are more active than alpha-Mn2O3. Therefore, beta-MnO2 had higher selectivity to N2O in SCR reaction than alpha-Mn2O3, predominantly resulting from higher activated capability to NH3, and beta-MnO2 can cleave more N-H bonds in NH3 molecules to give more adsorbed nitrogen atom species, which reacted with gaseous NO to form more N2O. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Read the whole study:

    Origination of N2O from NO reduction by NH3 over beta-MnO2 and alpha-Mn2O3