Ammonia emission from CO 2 capture pilot plant using aminoethylethanolamine

Abstract

Amine post-combustion carbon capture technology is based on washing the flue gas with a solvent that captures CO2. Thus, a small fraction of this solvent can be released together with the cleaned flue gas. This release may cause environmental concerns, both directly and indirectly through subsequent solvent degradation into other substances in the atmosphere. The paper presents the ammonia emission from CO2 capture pilot plant (1 tonne CO2 per day) using 40 wt% aminoethylethanolamine solvent, along with the efficiency of the water wash unit. In addition, the temperature effect of lean amine entering the absorber on ammonia emission was studied. Furthermore, the concentrations of other compounds such as SO2, SO3, NO2, CS2 and formaldehyde were monitored. The literature review on the NH3 emission from a pilot plant using aminoethylethanolamine solvent has not been published. The results show that the main source of ammonia emission is the absorber and that emission (in the range 27–50 ppm) corresponds to typical NH3 release from CO2 capture pilot plant using an amine solvent. The emission of amines and amine degradation products is a complex phenomenon which is difficult to predict in novel solvents, and for this reason the significance of new solvents testing in a pilot scale has been highlighted. LESS

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    Ammonia emission from CO 2 capture pilot plant using aminoethylethanolamine